IMAGE Detailed Mission Requirements (DMR)

Final - July 1998

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IMAGE 1061 -- Special Abbreviations and Nomenclature

A        Ampere
ACS Attitude Control System
AD&C Attitude Determination and Control
Ahr Ampere-hours
Alt altitude
AOS Advanced Orbiting System, Acquisition of Signal
APID Application Process Identification
ARTSN Automated Real-Time Spacecraft Navigation System
ASIST Advanced System for Integration and Spacecraft Testing
AST Autonomous Star Tracker
ATS Absolute Time Sequence
BCH Bose-Chaudhuri-Hocquenghem Binary Coded Hexadecimal
BER Bit Error Rate
BP Browse Product
bps bits per second
BOA Beginning of Activity
BOT Beginning of Track
BPSK binary phase shift keying
C&DH Control and Data Handling
CCSDS Consultative Committee for Space Data Systems
CD compact disk
CD-ROM Compact Disk-Read Only Memory
CDF Common Data Format
CDR Central Data Recorder
CGS Combined Ground System
CIDP Central Instrument Data Processor
CLCW Command Link Control Word
CLTU Command Link Transfer Unit
CMD command
CME Coronal Mass Ejection
CMS Command Management System
COP-1 Command Operations Protocol number 1
CRC Cyclic Redundancy Code
CSS Coarse Sun Sensor
CTT Compatibility Test Trailer
CUC CCSDS Unsegmented Time Code
CVT Current Value Table
dB decibel
dBi decibel relative to an isotropic radiator
dBm decibel relative to one milliwatt
DC direct current
DDD DSN Data Delivery
DFCD Data Format Control Document
DHDS Digital History Data System
DMR Detailed Mission Requirements
DSN Deep Space Network
DSOC DSN Space Operations Center
DSS Digital Sun Sensor
DTF21 Development and Test Facility 21
DVD Digital Video Disk
E-E end-to-end
EGSE Electrical Ground Support Equipment
EIRP Equivalent Isotropic Radiated Power
ELV Expendable Launch Vehicle
EOM End of Mission
EOT End of Track
EPS Electrical Power Subsystem
ESN Essential Services Node
ETU Engineering Test Unit
EU Engineering Units
EUV Extreme Ultraviolet
FDF Flight Dynamics Facility
FEDS Front End Data System
FOV Field of View
fps feet per second
FTP File Transfer Protocol
FU Flight Unit
FUV Far Ultraviolet
GEM Graphite Epoxy Motor
GenSAA Generic Spacecraft Analysis Assistant
GEO geocorona
GHz gigahertz
GMT Greenwich Mean Time
GTDS Goddard Trajectory Determination System
GRI Ground Reference Image
GSE Ground Support Equipment
GSEOS Ground Support Equipment Operating System
GSFC Goddard Space Flight Center
GTDS Goddard Trajectory Determination System
H&S Health and Safety
HENA High Energy Neutral Atom
HK housekeeping
HVAC Heating, Ventilating, and Air Conditioning
Hz Hertz
I/O input/output
I/F interface
I&T Integration and Test
ICD Interface Control Document
ID identification
IDFS Instrument Description File System
IDL Interactive Data Language
IGSE Instrument Ground Support Equipment
IMAGE Imager for Magnetopause-to-Aurora Global Exploration
IOC In-Orbit Checkout
IP Internet Protocol
IRU Inertial Reference Unit
ISIP ISIP/Internet Protocol
ISTP International Solar-Terrestrial Physics
JPL Jet Propulsion Laboratory
JURAP Joint User Resource Allocation Panel (DSN)
kbps kilobits per second
kg kilogram
km kilometer
L launch
L&EO Launch and Early Orbit
LENA Low Energy Neutral Atom
LGA Low Gain Antenna
LMMS Lockheed Martin Missile and Space Systems
LZP Level Zero Processing
m meter
MAP Microwave Anisotropy Probe
MAR Mission Analysis Room
Mbps Megabits per second
MECO Main Engine Cutoff
MENA Medium Energy Neutral Atom
MET Mission Elapsed Time
MIDEX Medium-Class Explorer
mm/s millimeters per second
MOP Mission Operations Plan
MOPS Mission Operations Planning System
MOTP Mission Operations Training Plan
MRR Mission Requirements Request
NASA National Aeronautics and Space Administration
NISN NASA Integrated Services Network
nmi nautical miles
NSSDC National Space Science Data Center
ODB Operational Database
P/L payload
PAF Payload Attach Fitting
PB Playback
PDB Project Database
PDU Power Distribution Unit
PI Principal Investigator
PM Phase Modulation
PN Pseudo Noise Randomization
PSLA Project Service Level Agreement
R/T real-time
R-S Reed-Solomon
RAAN Right Ascension of Ascending Node
RDL Record Definition Language
Re Earth Radii
RF Radio Frequency
RIFCA Redundant Inertial Flight Control Assembly
RPI Radio Plasma Imaging
rpm revolutions per minute
RTS Relative Time Sequence
RW Reaction Wheel
s, sec second(s)
S/C Spacecraft
SA Solar Array
SAA South Atlantic Anomaly
SCAMA Switching, Conferencing, and Monitoring Arrangement
SCO subcarrier oscillator
SCT Spacecraft Control Team
SCU Spacecraft Control Unit
SECO Second-stage Engine Cutoff
SFDU Standard Formatted Data Unit
SGSE Spacecraft Ground Support Equipment
SI Science Instrument
SIM simulation
SLC Space Launch Complex
SMOC Science and Mission Operations Center
SPDT Single Pole Double Throw
SRM Solid Rocket Motor
SSC Satellite Situation Center
SSR Solid State Recorder
STK Satellite Tool Kit
STOL Systems Test and Operations Language
SwRI Southwest Research Institute
t time
TAM Three Axis Magnetometer
TCP/IP Transmission Control Protocol/Internet Protocol
TLM telemetry
TMOD Telecommunications and Mission Operations Directorate
TMS Telecommunications and Mission Services
TOO Target Of Opportunity
TRK tracking
UDP/IP User Data Protocol/Internet Protocol
UTDF Universal Tracking (or Trajectory) Data Format
VAFB Vandenberg Air Force Base
VC Virtual Channel
VCDU Virtual Channel Data Unit
VDS Voice Distribution System
Vel velocity
VIDF Virtual Instrument Definition File
WIC Wideband Imaging Camera
WR Western Range
WS workstation
WWW World Wide Web
XPNDR transponder
XTERM        X-Windows graphical user interface running on Unix operating system

IMAGE 1064 -- Responsibilities for Management, Project, and Operations

Management responsibilities are described below:

Table 1000-1: IMAGE Management Responsibilities
IMAGE Principal Investigator The IMAGE Principal Investigator is Dr. James L. Burch. He is responsible for managing all aspects of the IMAGE mission including liaison with the IMAGE Science Working Group, Instruments Scientist, Education and Public Outreach Coordinator, and Project Manager.
IMAGE Project Manager The IMAGE Project Manager is Bill Gibson, SwRI. His responsibilities include: managing and overseeing all aspects of the IMAGE Project, including spacecraft and instrument design and fabrication; production of flight software; ground system acquisition and testing; and, performance assurance.
IMAGE Mission Manager The IMAGE Mission Manager is Frank Volpe, Code 410. His responsibilities include all aspects of the IMAGE Project, including spacecraft and instrument design and fabrication; production of flight software; ground system acquisition and testing; and, performance assurance.
IMAGE Ground System Manager The IMAGE Ground System Manager is Rick Burley, Code 632. His responsibilities include:
  • Identifying, allocating, documenting, and reporting on ground system development, requirements, budget, plans, and status.
  • Providing direction to the MIDEX Ground System Engineers.
  • Providing IMAGE spacecraft I&T support.
  • Leading the SMOC Implementation Team including accepting and allocating IMAGE requirements; designing, implementing and testing the IMAGE SMOC; preparing requisite facilities; acquiring hardware and software; and, developing Interface Control Documents (ICD).
IMAGE Mission Operations Manager The IMAGE Mission Operations Manager, Wayne Gustafson, Code 568, is responsible for managing all aspects of IMAGE Mission Operations including:
  • Command, Control, and monitoring of S/C for Launch and Early Orbit (L&EO), IOC, and nominal mission operations.
  • Monitoring H&S and forwarding commands for Payload Operations.
  • Scheduling and mission planning for all IMAGE stations
  • Verifying, validating, and End-to-End testing all Ground System and Operations
  • Training of all Operations personnel, including the SCT.
  • Identifying, analyzing, and documenting all Operations requirements.
  • Developing the Operational Database (ODB).
  • Ensuring SMOC and operations personnel mission readiness.
MIDEX Ground System Manager The MIDEX Ground System Manager is Steven Coyle, Code 581. His responsibilities include:
  • Managing the development of the Combined Ground System elements and its schedule and budget.
  • Supporting CGS testing and risk analysis, and end-to-end mission testing.
IMAGE TMS Manager The IMAGE Telecommunications and Mission Services Manager is Allen Berman. His responsibilities include:
  • Providing all Deep Space Network support required by the IMAGE Project.

IMAGE 1065 -- Technical References

IMAGE MIDEX Proposal, Technical Volume Dr. James L. Burch June 27, 1995
Delta II Payload Planners Guide McDonnell Douglas Aerospace April 1996
World Wide Web: IMAGE Home Page and hypertext references, GSFC: Dr. J. Green January 1997
MIDEX Ground System Overview GSFC MIDEX Ground System Team June 12, 1996
IMAGE Concept Review IMAGE Project July 24, 1996
World Wide Web: MIDEX Home Page and hypertext references, MIDEX Project
November 8, 1996
Mission Requirements Request (MRR) for the Medium-class Explorer (MIDEX) Program GSFC MO&DSD January 1997
Project Data Management Plan (PDMP) for the IMAGE Mission SwRI March 1997
Joint Operations Concept Document (JOCD) for the Medium-class Explorer (MIDEX) Program GSFC MO&DSD June 1997
Telemetry and Command Handbook (T&CH) for the IMAGE Mission LMMS July 1998
Data Format Control Document (DFCD) for the IMAGE Mission SwRI TBD
Interface Control Document between the Jet Propulsion Laboratory and the Goddard Space Flight Center for GSFC Missions Using the Deep Space Network GSFC Code 502 January 1982
DSN Monitor and Control System Interface with Project Telecommunication Link Analysis JPL MON-5-15 Ch. 4, April 15, 1997
IMAGE System Specification SwRI September 1997
Project Service Level Agreement GSFC May 15, 1998
Flight Project Interface Handbook JPL 810-5 December 1, 1996
Command Radiation Service JPL CMD 4-9 October 6, 1997
CCSDS Lossless Data Compression CCSDS Blue Book, 121.0-B-1 Draft, May 12, 1998
DSN CDR Electronic Access for External Users JPL GCF 10-1 August 1, 1996
DSN Ground Communications System and GSFC Real-Time Interface for the Reliable Transmission of IP Datagrams JPL GCF 10-21 March 15,1997
DSN Telemetry Interface with the Midex Missions JPL TLM 3-29 Draft Due July 17, 1998
DSN Tracking System 1
Interfaces Metric Data Assembly Interface
JPL TRK 2-15A December 12, 1996
DSN Tracking System 1
Interfaces Metric Data Assembly Interface
JPL TRK 2-34 December 9, 1996

IMAGE 1066 -- Aerospace Data System Standards

  1. Consultative Committee for Space Data Systems (CCSDS) Telecommand Part 1: Channel Service and Architectural Specification, CCSDS 201.0-B-1, Blue Book, Issue 1

  2. CCSDS Telecommand Part 2: Data Routing Service Architectural Specification, CCSDS 202.0-B-2, Blue Book, Issue 2

  3. CCSDS Telecommand Part 2.1: Command Operation Procedures, CCSDS 201.1-B-1, Blue Book, Issue 1

  4. CCSDS Telecommand Part 3: Data Management Service Architectural Definition, CCSDS 203.0-B-1, Blue Book, Issue 1

  5. CCSDS Advanced Orbiting Systems, Networks and Data Links: Summary of Concept, Rationale, and Performance

  6. CCSDS Advanced Orbiting Systems, Networks and Data Links: Architectural Specification, CCSDS 701.0-B-2, Blue Book, Issue 2

  7. Common Data Format Specification Document, NSSDC/WDC_A-R&S 94-12

  8. CCSDS Lossless Data Compression, CCSDS 121.0-B-1, Blue Book, Issue 1

IMAGE 1100 -- Project Description

The IMAGE mission has been awarded under a modified PI-mode of implementation. The Southwest Research Institute (SwRI) is responsible for the development of the spacecraft and science payload. Construction of the spacecraft has been contracted to Lockheed-Martin Missile Systems (LMMS) located in Sunnyvale, California. Development of the seven instruments composing the scientific payload is the responsibility of the SwRI. A NASA-provided Spacecraft Control Team (SCT) and a Science and Mission Operations Center (SMOC) located in building 3 at GSFC will support on-orbit operations. NASA provided network support will include the Jet Propulsion Laboratory/Deep Space Network (JPL/DSN) and the communications networks necessary to support all data transmissions. Details of the NASA provided support required for the IMAGE mission are provided in this document.

IMAGE Mission Overview:

Planned Launch Date: January 2000
Launch Vehicle: Delta 7326/Star 37
Orbit: 7 earth radii by 1000 km elliptical polar orbit
Mission duration: 24 months
Payload mass: 536 kg
Lead institutions: SwRI

The principal investigator of the IMAGE Mission is Dr. Jim Burch from Southwest Research Institute. The other IMAGE Team investigators are:

U.S. Co-Investigators:

Foreign Co-Investigators:

Participating Scientists:

IMAGE 1110 -- Experiment Description

The IMAGE investigation will use neutral atom, ultraviolet, and radio plasma imaging techniques to (1) identify the method of entry for solar wind plasma into the earth’s magnetosphere; (2) determine the extent and location of ionospheric plasma sources; (3) discover how and where energetic plasmas are accelerated, transported, and lost during magnetic storms; (4) determine the direct effects of solar wind forcing on the magnetosphere; and, (5) measure Coronal Mass Ejection (CME) related neutral atom fluxes and radio emissions as forecasting tools for geomagnetic storms.

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Author and Curator:

Dr. D.R. Williams,, +1-301-286-1258
NSSDC, Mail Code 633, NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center, Greenbelt, MD 20771

NASA Approval: J. L. Green,
Last Revised: 04 November 1998