Revised July 16, 1999

Memorandum of Understanding (MOU) between
The National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA)
The National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA)
for the Inclusion of a Real-Time Data Capability on the
Imager for Magnetopause-to-Aurora Global Exploration (IMAGE) Mission


I Purpose and Scope

The purpose of this Memorandum of Understanding (MOU) is to establish an agreement between the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) and the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) for provision of a real-time down-link data capability for the Imager for Magnetopause-to-Aurora Global Exploration (IMAGE) spacecraft. This MOU outlines the general roles, responsibilities and other points of agreement between the two parties for this purpose. The working-level interface for this activity is between the Goddard Space Flight Center (GSFC) Explorers Project Office and the NOAA Space Environment Center (SEC). Specific agreements between the GSFC Project and NOAA SEC concerning data rates and data formats, procedures and commitments in the event of anomalies and impacts to the schedule shall be further documented and executed at the project level.

II Background

The NASA IMAGE mission will be used to study the global response of the magnetosphere to changing conditions of the solar wind. IMAGE will be placed in a highly elliptical earth orbit (1000 km perigee, 7 Earth Radii apogee) to carry out remote imaging measurements. The instrument complement consists of three neutral atom imagers, two far ultraviolet imagers, one extreme ultraviolet imager and one radio plasma imager. Launch is planned for February 2000. The IMAGE real-time data capability desired by NASA and NOAA is expected to provide benefits to the national space weather effort and to the basic research goals of the mission.

The IMAGE real-time data will be considered as a secondary experiment whose objective is to provide a data stream containing the IMAGE instrument science data. The IMAGE real-time capability will utilize the output of the seven IMAGE instruments and transmit at a data rate (approximately 44,000 bits per second) containing useable raw data through the IMAGE transmitter for approximately 24 hours per day.

III Duration of MOU

This MOU will be in effect from the date of signing until the IMAGE mission is terminated. The MOU may be amended at any time by mutual consent of the signatories, or unilaterally terminated upon 60 days advanced written notice.

IV Agreements

V. Interface Requirments

NASA will provide information such as spacecraft transmitter power, carrier frequency, bit rate, modulation index, and other relevant information regarding the real-time telemetry to NOAA for use in obtaining ground station compatibility to receive the spacecraft real-time data. NOAA will be notified of any changes in parameters which may affect data reception or reduction at the available ground stations.

VI. Organizational Responsibilities

VII. Funding Agreement

No funding will be required to implement this agreement.

VIII. Management and Coordination

The NASA Program Executive for IMAGE before launch is Mr. William Huddleston, Code SD, 202-358-0895. The NASA Program Scientist is Dr Lawrence Zanetti, Code SR, 202-358-0888. The NASA MO&DA Manager and Program Executive after launch is Dr Charles Holmes, Code SR, 202-358-2224. The NOAA point of contact for the real-time data requirement is Dr. Terrance Onsager, 303-497-5713.

IX. Public Information

Each Party may release information covering its own activities conducted pursuant to this MOU. Release of NOAA data shall contain the following statement: "Data were obtained from the real-time data system link aboard the NASA Imager for Magnetopause-to-Aurora Global Exploration Explorer."

X. Signatures


Assistant Administrator for Oceanic and Atmospheric Research
National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration
Dr. David Evans



Associate Administrator for Space Science
National Aeronautics and Space Administration
Dr. Edward J. Weiler