The IMAGE satellite program has supported teachers to create a wide range of classroom activities through its summer intern program at the NASA, Goddard Space Flight Center.
Searching by a match to AAAS Benchmarks
The Scientific Worldview
6-8 Some scientific knowledge is very old and yet is still applicable today
K-2 People can often learn about things around them by just observing them carefully
6-8 New ideas in science sometimes spring from unexpected findings and they usually lead to new investigations
9-12 Sometimes scientists can control conditions in order to obtain evidence. When that is not possible they try to observe as wide a range of natural occurrences as possible to be able to discern patterns.
The Scientific Enterprise
3-5 Clear communication is an essential part of doing science.
Patterns and Relationships
3-5 Mathematics is the study of many kinds of patterns.
3-5 Mathematical ideas can be represented concretely, graphically and symbolically.
K-2 Numbers and shapes can be used to tell about things
Technology and Science
3-5 Technology enables scientists and others to observe things that are too small or too far away to be seen without them, or to study the motion of objects that are moving very rapidly or are hardly moving at all.
3-5 Measuring instruments can be used to gather accurate information for making scientific comparisons.
6-8 Technology is essential to science for such purposes as access to outer space, sample collection, measurement, storage and computation.
3-5 Telescopes magnify the appearance of some distant objects in the sky.
3-5 Stars are like the sun, some being smaller and some larger, but so far away that they look like points of light.
9-12 Increasingly sophisticated technology is used to learn about the universe.
K-2 Some events in nature have a repeating pattern
The Structure of Matter
6-8 All matter is made up of atoms
9-12 Atoms are made up of a positive nucleus surrounded by negative electrons.
3-5 Things that give off light also give off heat.
6-8 Most of what goes on in the universe involves some form of energy being transformed into another
3-5 How fast things move differs greatly. Some things are so slow their journey takes a long time; others move too fast for people to even see them.
6-8 Light from the sun is made up of a mixture of many different colors.
9-12 Whenever one thing exerts a force on another, an equal amount of force is exerted back on it.
Forces of Nature
K-2 Magnets can be used to make some things move without being touched
3-5 Without touching them a magnet pulls on things made of iron and either pushes or pulls on other magnets
6-8 Electric currents and magnets can exert a force on each other
9-12 Electromagnetic forces acting within and between atoms are vastly stronger than the gravitational forces.
K-2 Simple graphs can help to tell about observations
K-2 Similar patterns may show up in many places in nature
K-2 Sometimes changing one thing changes something else
3-5 Tables and graphs can show how values of one quantity are related to values of another
6-8 Graphs can show a variety of possible relationships between two variables
3-5 Scale drawings show shapes and compare locations of things very different in size
6-8 The graphic display of numbers may help to show patterns such as trends or varying rates of change. Such patterns sometimes can be used to make predictions about the phenomenon being graphed.
6-8 the scale chosen for a graph or drawing makes a big difference in how useful it is.
9-12 Distances and angles that are inconvenient to measure directly can be found from measurable distances and angles using scale drawings.
3-5 One way to make sense of something is to think how it is like something more familiar
K-2 Most things are made of parts
3-5 If something that consists of many parts, the parts usually influence one another.
6-8 A system can include processes as well as things
6-8 Any system is usually connected to other systems both internally and externally.
9-12 A system usually has some properties that are different from those of its parts, but appear because of the interaction of those parts.
K-2 A model of something is different from the real thing but can be used to learn something about the real thing
K-2 One way to describe something is to say how it is like something else
6-8 Models are often used to think about processes that happen too slowly, too quickly or on too small a scale to observe directly, or that are too vast to be changed deliberately.
Constancy and Change
K-2 Things change in some ways and stay the same in some ways.
K-2 Things can change in different ways. Some small changes can be detected by taking measurements
3-5 Things change in steady, repetitive or irregular ways, or sometimes in more way at the same time.
Computation and Estimation
9-12 Find answers to problems by substituting numerical values in simple algebraic formulas.
Manipulation and Observation
9-12 Use computers for producing tables and graphs and for making spreadsheet calculations
K-2 Draw pictures that correctly portray at least some features of the thing being described
3-5 Use numerical data in describing and comparing objects and events
6-8 Locate information in reference books, and computer data bases
6-8 Understand writing that incorporates circle charts, bar graphs line graphs, tables, diagrams and symbols
6-8 Find and describe locations on maps with rectangular and polar coordinates
9-12 Make and interpret scale drawings
9-12 Use tables, charts and graphs in making arguments and claims in oral and written presentations.
6-8 Be skeptical of arguments based on very small samples of data, biased samples, or samples for which there is no control sample
9-12 Check graphs to see that they do not misrepresent results by inappropriate scales or by failing to specify the axes clearly.
9-12 Wonder how likely it is that some event of interest may have occurred just by chance.
9-12 Be aware, when considering claims, that when people try to prove a point they may select only the data that support it and ignore any that would contradict it.
9-12 Suggest alternative ways of explaining data and criticize arguments in which data, explanations or conclusions are represented as the only ones worth consideration, with no mention of other possibilities.